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Developmental and emotional milestones 0 - 18 years:

The most important thing to remember about developmental and emotional milestones is that all children are different. These milestones are a general description of what most children can do at certain ages. Your child may reach some milestones earlier and others later. Either way, it may be the right time for your child’s individual development.

Developmental and emotional milestones can be useful because they can show that the way your child is behaving, even if it is embarrassing, is how children of that age often behave. For instance, no parent wants to hear their child say ‘I hate you’ but knowing that this is common behaviour at the age of five years may help you to take it less personally!

If you have any concerns about your child not reaching some of the milestones, you may want to contact your health visitor or GP for advice.

As your child reaches their second birthday, knowing that they are more likely to kick and bite other children means that you can be more prepared to help them through that stage so that they can manage their anger. Research shows that children are at their most violent at the age of two to three years old! It is the job of parents, grandparents, carers and childcare staff to support children through this very important stage of their lives. This will build connections in the child’s brain (see the leaflet on Brain Development and the YouTube videos), which will help them in the future to control their anger and their impulses.

Developmental and emotional milestones 0–12 months

Emotional milestones

Birth to 4 weeks

4 to 6 weeks

6 weeks to 3 months

3 to 6 months

Separation

6 to 12 months

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 12–18 months

Emotional milestones

12 months

12 to 18 months

18 months

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 18 months to 2 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Large movement

Fine movement

Developmental and emotional milestones 2 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 3 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 4 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 5 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 6 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 7 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 8 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 9 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 10 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Girls

Boys

Developmental and emotional milestones 11 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones

Developmental and emotional milestones 12-14 years

Emotional milestones

Sexuality

School life

Establishing own identity

Experimenting and testing

Testing the limits

Life in the family

Developmental milestones

Girls

Boys

Sexuality

School life

Developmental and emotional milestones 15-18 years

Emotional milestones

Developmental milestones